Linux based inter-process code injection without ptrace(2)

Using the default permission settings found in most major Linux distributions it is possible for a user to gain code injection in a process, without using ptrace. Since no syscalls are required using this method, it is possible to accomplish the code injection using a language as simple and ubiquitous as Bash. This allows execution of arbitrary native code, when only a standard Bash shell and coreutils are available. Using this technique, we will show that the noexec mount flag can be bypassed by crafting a payload which will execute a binary from memory. The /proc filesystem on Linux offers introspection of the running of the Linux system. Each process has its own directory in the filesystem, which contains details about the process and its internals. Two pseudo files of note in this directory are maps and mem. The maps file contains a map of all the memory regions allocated to the binary and all of the included dynamic libraries. This information is now relatively sensitive as the offsets to each library location are randomised by ASLR. Secondly, the mem file provides a sparse mapping of the full memory space used by the process. Combined with the offsets obtained from...
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