By Vince Lujan Posted November 22, 2019
User management describes the ability for administrators to manage user access to various IT resources like systems, devices, applications, storage systems, networks, SaaS services, and more. User management is a core part to any directory service and is a basic security essential for any organization. User management enables admins to control user access and on-board and off-board users to and from IT resources. Subsequently a directory service will then authenticate, authorize, and audit user access to IT resources based on what the IT admin had dictated.
Traditionally, user management has been grounded with on-prem servers, databases, and closed virtual private networks (VPN). However, recent trends are seeing a shift towards cloud-based identity and access management (IAM), granting administrators even greater control over digital assets.
In the beginning, there was Identity and Access Management
Developers have always recognized the need for user access management since the initial development of digital networks. Prior to the public internet, networks of computers were connected solely on a proprietary basis and largely between universities. As you may imagine, IT admins and developers did not want unauthorized parties to have access to proprietary digital assets. Rather, they wanted to limit access to only those approved for use. Thus, user management was born.
As the internet began to mature and became public, this notion of limiting traffic persisted and was the primary driving force behind various authentication protocols like LDAP and RADIUS. Microsoft took it a step further when they created Active Directory ® (AD), a product designed to compile user data and provision access to various IT resources based on need. In a Windows dominated ecosystem, AD remained the primary user management platform for decades. Currently, a new wave of cloud innovation has again changed the game in user management. Directory-as-a-Service®, the first cloud directory, is a great example of a modern take on user management for the cloud era.
Why Manage User Identities?
Simply put, user management solves the problem of managing user access to various resources. For example, the marketing team generally requires access (Read more...)
*** This is a Security Bloggers Network syndicated blog from Blog – JumpCloud authored by Vince Lujan. Read the original post at: https://jumpcloud.com/blog/what-is-user-management/