A new term is being thrown around in the IT management world—identity cloud. But, what is an identity cloud, and how can it help you and your organization? With the advent of modern microservices, the concept of an identity cloud is quite interesting.
What is an Identity Cloud?
To answer this question, we must first look at identity management. Identity and access management for the most part has been stuck in the past because of its foundational layer. In the 1990s and early 2000s, IT environments were dominated by Microsoft® Windows®. Microsoft leveraged their hold on the market to build an identity and access management (IAM) solution called Active Directory® (AD). This identity provider would go on to become a mainstay in virtually all IT environments. This, of course, made a great deal of sense because of the reliance on Windows in IT environments. AD made it seamless to control user access and the systems themselves.
But, challenges started to emerge as organizations began to leverage web applications, cloud infrastructure, Mac® and Linux® systems, WiFi, cloud and non-Windows file servers, and other IT resources. Active Directory struggled to connect users to these IT resources, so IT organizations started to create layers of solutions on top of their AD directory services architecture. Over time, this approach became unwieldy, costly, and fragile. A new approach to identity management was needed.
The Advent of Microservices
The result was a microservices architecture of authentication that could be summarized as an identity cloud, or perhaps more accurately as a cloud directory service. IT admins could leverage a cloud directory service where users would be housed and IT resources would authenticate against this cloud-hosted identity provider. As a concept, the identity cloud would enable cross-platform, multi-protocol authentications regardless of the location of the user or the IT service. Ideally, this authentication microservice would be extremely lightweight for the IT organization to manage and enable quick, easy deployment to users and IT resources.
*** This is a Security Bloggers Network syndicated blog from Blog – JumpCloud authored by Zach DeMeyer. Read the original post at: https://jumpcloud.com/blog/what-is-an-identity-cloud/