Attacks Leveraging Adobe Zero-Day (CVE-2018-4878) – Threat Attribution, Attack Scenario and Recommendations

On Jan. 31, KISA (KrCERT) published an advisory
about an Adobe Flash zero-day vulnerability
 (CVE-2018-4878)
being exploited in the wild. On Feb. 1, Adobe issued an advisory
confirming the vulnerability
exists in Adobe Flash Player 28.0.0.137 and earlier
 versions,
and that successful exploitation could potentially allow an attacker
to take control of the affected system.

FireEye began investigating the vulnerability following the release
of the initial advisory from KISA.

Threat Attribution

We assess that the actors employing this latest Flash zero-day are a
suspected North Korean group we track as TEMP.Reaper. We have observed
TEMP.Reaper operators directly interacting with their command and
control infrastructure from IP addresses assigned to the STAR-KP
network in Pyongyang. The STAR-KP network is operated as a joint
venture between the North Korean Government’s Post and
Telecommunications Corporation and Thailand-based Loxley Pacific.
Historically, the majority of their targeting has been focused on the
South Korean government, military, and defense industrial base;
however, they have expanded to other international targets in the last
year. They have taken interest in subject matter of direct importance
to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) such as Korean
unification efforts and North Korean defectors.

In the past year, FireEye iSIGHT Intelligence has discovered newly
developed wiper malware being deployed by TEMP.Reaper, which we detect
as RUHAPPY. While we have observed other suspected North Korean threat
groups such as TEMP.Hermit employ wiper malware in disruptive attacks,
we have not thus far observed TEMP.Reaper use their wiper malware
actively against any targets.

Attack Scenario

Analysis of the exploit chain is ongoing, but available information
points to the Flash zero-day being distributed in a malicious document
or spreadsheet with an embedded SWF file. Upon opening and successful
exploitation, a decryption key for an encrypted embedded payload would
be downloaded from compromised third party websites hosted in South
Korea. Preliminary analysis indicates that the vulnerability was
likely used to distribute the previously observed DOGCALL malware to
South Korean victims.

Recommendations

Adobe stated that it plans to release a fix for this issue the week
of Feb. 5, 2018. Until then, we recommended that customers use extreme
caution, especially when visiting South Korean sites, and avoid
opening suspicious documents, especially Excel spreadsheets. Due to
the publication of the vulnerability prior to patch availability, it
is likely that additional criminal and nation state groups will
attempt to exploit the vulnerability in the near term.

FireEye Solutions Detections

FireEye Email Security, Endpoint Security with Exploit Guard
enabled, and Network Security products will detect the malicious
document natively. Email Security and Network Security customers who
have enabled the riskware feature may see additional alerts based on
suspicious content embedded in malicious documents. Customers can find
more information in our FireEye Customer
Communities post
.



*** This is a Security Bloggers Network syndicated blog from Threat Research Blog authored by Threat Research Blog. Read the original post at: http://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2018/02/attacks-leveraging-adobe-zero-day.html