Dan Goodin reported on Ars Technica that the Equifax website was involved in yet another kerfuffle, this time pushing a fake Flash Player. Looking at the YouTube video of this incident frame by frame, we were able to retrace some of this malvertising chain.
aa.econsumer.equifax.com (Equifax) -> ostats.net -> webhostingshub.com -> usa.quebec-lea.com -> usa.zeroredirect6.com -> cdn.centerbluray.info (fake Flash)
For those tracking malvertising, this is a very familiar sequence. However, a question remained as to how we got to the ostats[.]net URL. Dan Goodin shared a link about a possible culprit, namely a third-party library which would have been loaded from:
Since Equifax pulled that site down, it was not possible to identify what that script exactly did. However, a quick search for other websites that were using it returned—surprisingly—another consumer reporting credit agency, namely TransUnion and their Central America website.
By visiting transunioncentroamerica[.]com, we were able to confirm that this fireclick.js script was indeed part of this redirection chain.
This chain ultimately leads to the fake Flash player.
ostats[.]net domain is performing all sorts of redirections, as seen in this RiskIQ’s PassiveTotal search.
During our tests we encountered fake surveys, Flash updates, and also a redirection to the RIG exploit kit.
Fireclick is a legitimate analytics company. If we look at the script closer, we can see that it loads a URL from the Akamai CDN.
In turn, this loads content from another domain snap.sitestats[.]info.
This eventually leads to ostats[.]net.
Some other websites have the script embedded directly into their main page, and they also are involved in this malvertising campaign.
We are still investigating the incident and will report any updates we find on this blog. In the meantime, Malwarebytes users are protected against malicious redirections from this attack.
Indicators of compromise
10/12/2017 11:58:32 AM,GET,126.96.36.199,a248.e.akamai[.]net,CDN 10/12/2017 11:58:33 AM,POST,188.8.131.52,snap.sitestats[.]info,Stats site 10/12/2017 11:58:34 AM,GET,184.108.40.206,snap.sitestats[.]info,Stats site 10/12/2017 11:58:35 AM,GET,220.127.116.11,ostats[.]net,Redirector 10/12/2017 11:58:35 AM,GET,18.104.22.168,itechnews[.]org,Malvertising 10/12/2017 11:58:36 AM,GET,22.214.171.124,usd.quebec-lea[.]com,Malvertising 10/12/2017 11:58:36 AM,GET,126.96.36.199,usd.zeroredirect6[.]com,Malvertising 10/12/2017 11:58:37 AM,GET,188.8.131.52,www.temocycle[.]site,Malvertising 10/12/2017 11:58:37 AM,GET,184.108.40.206,www.theapplicationappmy23[.]download,Fake Flash site 10/12/2017 11:58:38 AM,GET,220.127.116.11,www.bestapps4ever161[.]download,Fake Flash site
Fake Flash player
*** This is a Security Bloggers Network syndicated blog from Malwarebytes Labs authored by Jérôme Segura. Read the original post at: https://blog.malwarebytes.com/threat-analysis/2017/10/equifax-transunion-websites-push-fake-flash-player/