Red Line Drawn: China Recalculates Its Use of Cyber Espionage

Sept. 25, 2015, President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi
Jinping agreed that neither government would “conduct
or knowingly support cyber-enabled theft of intellectual
” for an economic advantage. Some observers hailed the
agreement as a game changer for U.S. and Chinese relations, while
skeptics saw this as little more than a diplomatic formality unlikely
to stymie years of state-sponsored
property theft
. Since the
agreement, there has been much discussion and speculation as to what
impact, if any, it would have on Chinese cyber operations.

To investigate this question, FireEye iSIGHT Intelligence reviewed
the activity of 72 groups that we suspect are operating in China or
otherwise supporting Chinese state interests. Going back nearly three
and a half years to early 2013, our analysis paints a complex picture,
leading us to assess that a range of political, economic, and other
forces were contributing to a shift in Chinese cyber operations more
than a year prior to the Xi-Obama agreement.

Between September 2015 and June 2016, we observed 13 active
China-based groups conduct multiple instances of network compromise
against corporations in the U.S., Europe, and Japan. During this same
timeframe, other China-based groups targeted organizations in Russia
and the Asia Pacific region. However, since mid-2014, we have observed
an overall decrease in successful network compromises by China-based
groups against organizations in the U.S. and 25 other countries. These
shifts have coincided with ongoing political and military reforms in
China, widespread exposure of Chinese cyber activity, and
unprecedented action by the U.S. government.

Download the report,
Red Line Drawn: China Recalculates Its Use of
Cyber Espionage

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